ADB使用


参考资料:

简介

(解释1)ADB的全称为Android Debug Bridge,就是起到调试桥的作用。通过ADB我们可以在Eclipse中方面通过DDMS来调试Android程序,说白了就是debug工具。ADB的工作方式比较特殊,采用监听Socket TCP 5554等端口的方式让IDE和Qemu通讯,默认情况下ADB会daemon相关的网络端口,所以当我们运行Eclipse时ADB进程就会自动运行。

(解释2)ADB是 Android 开发/测试人员不可替代的强大工具,也是 Android 设备玩家的好玩具。

(解释3)Android 调试桥 (adb) 是一种功能多样的命令行工具,可让您与设备进行通信。adb 命令可用于执行各种设备操作(例如安装和调试应用),并提供对 Unix shell(可用来在设备上运行各种命令)的访问权限。

安装ADB工具包

部分指令

指令 效果
adb devices 查看连接的设备
adb shell wm size 查看分辨率
adm shell 进入shell模式
adb shell cat /proc/cpuinfo 查看CPU信息
abd shell cat /proc/meminfo 查看内存信息
adb shell pm package manage
adb shell input tap 400 800 在坐标(400,800)点击屏幕
adb shell input swipe x1 y1 x2 y2 t 滑动(按)屏幕
cls cmd清屏指令

.

在shell模式中使用:

input keyevent 3        // Home主界面
input keyevent 4        // Back
input keyevent 24        // Volume+
input keyevent 25        // Volume-
input keyevent 82        // Menu ,调出应用列表
input keyevent 26        // Power,电源键。并不能唤醒屏幕,只能锁屏

input keyevent 61        // "KEYCODE_TAB",制表符
input keyevent 62        // "KEYCODE_SPACE",空格
input keyevent 66        // "KEYCODE_ENTER",回车
input keyevent 67        // "KEYCODE_DEL",删除光标前面的字符
input keyevent 112        // "KEYCODE_DEL",删除光标后面的字符

input keyevent 19        // Up
input keyevent 20        // Down
input keyevent 21        // Left
input keyevent 22        // Right
input keyevent 23        // Select(Ok)

python中使用

import os

#获取手机的截图,保存到手机
os.system("adb shell screencap -p /sdcard/screen.png")

#将图片 pull 到电脑
os.system("adb pull /sdcard/screen.png /screen.png")

#返回0表示成功

adb-doc

Android Debug Bridge version 1.0.41
Version 31.0.1-7187441
Installed as C:\Users\16413\Desktop\platform-tools_r31.0.1-windows\platform-tools\adb.exe

global options:
 -a         listen on all network interfaces, not just localhost
 -d         use USB device (error if multiple devices connected)
 -e         use TCP/IP device (error if multiple TCP/IP devices available)
 -s SERIAL  use device with given serial (overrides $ANDROID_SERIAL)
 -t ID      use device with given transport id
 -H         name of adb server host [default=localhost]
 -P         port of adb server [default=5037]
 -L SOCKET  listen on given socket for adb server [default=tcp:localhost:5037]

general commands:
 devices [-l]             list connected devices (-l for long output)
 help                     show this help message
 version                  show version num

networking:
 connect HOST[:PORT]      connect to a device via TCP/IP [default port=5555]
 disconnect [HOST[:PORT]]
     disconnect from given TCP/IP device [default port=5555], or all
 pair HOST[:PORT] [PAIRING CODE]
     pair with a device for secure TCP/IP communication
 forward --list           list all forward socket connections
 forward [--no-rebind] LOCAL REMOTE
     forward socket connection using:
       tcp: ( may be "tcp:0" to pick any open port)
       localabstract:
       localreserved:
       localfilesystem:
       dev:
       jdwp: (remote only)
       acceptfd: (listen only)
 forward --remove LOCAL   remove specific forward socket connection
 forward --remove-all     remove all forward socket connections
 ppp TTY [PARAMETER...]   run PPP over USB
 reverse --list           list all reverse socket connections from device
 reverse [--no-rebind] REMOTE LOCAL
     reverse socket connection using:
       tcp: ( may be "tcp:0" to pick any open port)
       localabstract:
       localreserved:
       localfilesystem:
 reverse --remove REMOTE  remove specific reverse socket connection
 reverse --remove-all     remove all reverse socket connections from device
 mdns check               check if mdns discovery is available
 mdns services            list all discovered services

file transfer:
 push [--sync] [-z ALGORITHM] [-Z] LOCAL... REMOTE
     copy local files/directories to device
     --sync: only push files that are newer on the host than the device
     -n: dry run: push files to device without storing to the filesystem
     -z: enable compression with a specified algorithm (any, none, brotli)
     -Z: disable compression
 pull [-a] [-z ALGORITHM] [-Z] REMOTE... LOCAL
     copy files/dirs from device
     -a: preserve file timestamp and mode
     -z: enable compression with a specified algorithm (any, none, brotli)
     -Z: disable compression
 sync [-l] [-z ALGORITHM] [-Z] [all|data|odm|oem|product|system|system_ext|vendor]
     sync a local build from $ANDROID_PRODUCT_OUT to the device (default all)
     -n: dry run: push files to device without storing to the filesystem
     -l: list files that would be copied, but don't copy them
     -z: enable compression with a specified algorithm (any, none, brotli)
     -Z: disable compression

shell:
 shell [-e ESCAPE] [-n] [-Tt] [-x] [COMMAND...]
     run remote shell command (interactive shell if no command given)
     -e: choose escape character, or "none"; default '~'
     -n: don't read from stdin
     -T: disable pty allocation
     -t: allocate a pty if on a tty (-tt: force pty allocation)
     -x: disable remote exit codes and stdout/stderr separation
 emu COMMAND              run emulator console command

app installation (see also `adb shell cmd package help`):
 install [-lrtsdg] [--instant] PACKAGE
     push a single package to the device and install it
 install-multiple [-lrtsdpg] [--instant] PACKAGE...
     push multiple APKs to the device for a single package and install them
 install-multi-package [-lrtsdpg] [--instant] PACKAGE...
     push one or more packages to the device and install them atomically
     -r: replace existing application
     -t: allow test packages
     -d: allow version code downgrade (debuggable packages only)
     -p: partial application install (install-multiple only)
     -g: grant all runtime permissions
     --abi ABI: override platform's default ABI
     --instant: cause the app to be installed as an ephemeral install app
     --no-streaming: always push APK to device and invoke Package Manager as separate steps
     --streaming: force streaming APK directly into Package Manager
     --fastdeploy: use fast deploy
     --no-fastdeploy: prevent use of fast deploy
     --force-agent: force update of deployment agent when using fast deploy
     --date-check-agent: update deployment agent when local version is newer and using fast deploy
     --version-check-agent: update deployment agent when local version has different version code and using fast deploy
     (See also `adb shell pm help` for more options.)
 uninstall [-k] PACKAGE
     remove this app package from the device
     '-k': keep the data and cache directories

debugging:
 bugreport [PATH]
     write bugreport to given PATH [default=bugreport.zip];
     if PATH is a directory, the bug report is saved in that directory.
     devices that don't support zipped bug reports output to stdout.
 jdwp                     list pids of processes hosting a JDWP transport
 logcat                   show device log (logcat --help for more)

security:
 disable-verity           disable dm-verity checking on userdebug builds
 enable-verity            re-enable dm-verity checking on userdebug builds
 keygen FILE
     generate adb public/private key; private key stored in FILE,

scripting:
 wait-for[-TRANSPORT]-STATE...
     wait for device to be in a given state
     STATE: device, recovery, rescue, sideload, bootloader, or disconnect
     TRANSPORT: usb, local, or any [default=any]
 get-state                print offline | bootloader | device
 get-serialno             print 
 get-devpath              print 
 remount [-R]
      remount partitions read-write. if a reboot is required, -R will
      will automatically reboot the device.
 reboot [bootloader|recovery|sideload|sideload-auto-reboot]
     reboot the device; defaults to booting system image but
     supports bootloader and recovery too. sideload reboots
     into recovery and automatically starts sideload mode,
     sideload-auto-reboot is the same but reboots after sideloading.
 sideload OTAPACKAGE      sideload the given full OTA package
 root                     restart adbd with root permissions
 unroot                   restart adbd without root permissions
 usb                      restart adbd listening on USB
 tcpip PORT               restart adbd listening on TCP on PORT

internal debugging:
 start-server             ensure that there is a server running
 kill-server              kill the server if it is running
 reconnect                kick connection from host side to force reconnect
 reconnect device         kick connection from device side to force reconnect
 reconnect offline        reset offline/unauthorized devices to force reconnect

environment variables:
 $ADB_TRACE
     comma-separated list of debug info to log:
     all,adb,sockets,packets,rwx,usb,sync,sysdeps,transport,jdwp
 $ADB_VENDOR_KEYS         colon-separated list of keys (files or directories)
 $ANDROID_SERIAL          serial number to connect to (see -s)
 $ANDROID_LOG_TAGS        tags to be used by logcat (see logcat --help)
 $ADB_LOCAL_TRANSPORT_MAX_PORT max emulator scan port (default 5585, 16 emus)
 $ADB_MDNS_AUTO_CONNECT   comma-separated list of mdns services to allow auto-connect (default adb-tls-connect)

文章作者: ╯晓~
版权声明: 本博客所有文章除特別声明外,均采用 CC BY 4.0 许可协议。转载请注明来源 ╯晓~ !
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